Mohandis Gandhi's role in the Independence Movement
Thursday, March 25, 2004
Question # 13
13, Describe both Mohandas Gandhi's role in the Indian independence movement and the direction of that movement after World War I.
Gandhi's role in the Indian Independence movement
- Transformed the cause of Indian independence from an elite movement of the educated into a mass movement with a quasi- religious aura.
- In 1929, he led a few followers on an 80 mile (129- kilometers) walk, camped on a beach, and gathered salt from the sea
in a blatant and well-publicized act of civil disregard for the government's monoply of salt.
- Many times during the 1930's, Gandhi threatend to fast until death.
- He was repeatedly arrested and spent six years in jail.
Direction of Movement after World War I
- In 1920, slowly the British began to give in to the pressure of the Indian National Congress and the Muslim League.
- British handed over to the Indians, control of "national" areas such as education, the economy, and public works.
- British admitted more Indians into the civil service and the officer corps.
- Indian politicians obtained the right to erect high tariff barriers against imports in order to protect India's infant industries
- India ganied independence after winning the war between the British and India war.
- After the war of independence, a break between the two communities had started in 1937. The leader of the Muslim
league demanded a separate nation for the Muslims called, Pakistan.